Gum disease is caused by an excessive buildup of plaque and causes swelling, soreness, and infection of the tissue that surrounds your teeth. There are two major types of gum diseases – gingivitis and periodontal disease.
- Gingivitis is when your gums become swollen and many people experience bleeding when they brush their teeth.
- Periodontal disease is often the result of untreated gingivitis and as the disease progresses or worsens, you may experience loss of bone in your jaw, which will eventually lead to loose teeth and the possibility of them falling out.
Gum Disease Treatments
Treating gum disease as early as possible is essential. The first step of treatment is to a nonsurgical procedure called scaling or root planning. This is when plaque and tartar are scraped off the teeth and surfaces of the root so it prevents bacteria from compiling again. Oftentimes, it may take more than one visit and treatment to remove all the tartar, but it will depend on the level of buildup. Once the treatment is completed, the gums begin to heal and attach to the clean surfaces of your teeth.
If scaling does not work, there are other treatments such as a pocket reduction procedure. This is a surgical procedure where the gum tissue is folded back in order for the dentist to remove the bacteria and smooth out the areas where bone loss has occurred.
What to expect after treatment
It is extremely important to maintain your oral health after you have been treated for gum disease. Taking care of your oral health is essential to prevent gum disease from reappearing. Dr. Curry Leavitt will work with you to make sure you understand the proper techniques for brushing and flossing. They will also help you choose the right products, such as certain brushes, toothpaste, or mouthwash that is best to use to prevent gum disease to happen again.